Home > In Retirement > Avoiding Malaria and Insect Born Diseases

Avoiding Malaria and Insect Born Diseases

By: Sally Aquire - Updated: 22 Nov 2012 | comments*Discuss
 
Malaria Tablets Symptoms Prevention

Think of malaria, and you probably think of death. Malaria is the most common infectious disease in the world. It can be fatal but it can also be cured and prevention is possible using malaria tablets. It is passed on by a mosquito whose saliva contains malaria parasites. Malaria does not affect countries with cooler climates, and is unlikely in temperate climates. Countries with tropical climates are most likely to harbour the disease.

Affected Countries

Malaria is a big problem in countries such as Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Sub Saharan Africa, Central America, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Argentina, southern China, central and Southeast Asia and India and mosquitoes that spread malaria are more likely to emerge at night than in the daytime.

Malaria Prevention includes:

  • Taking malaria tablets before you set off on your trip
  • Wearing trousers and clothing with long sleeves to avoid night-time insects
  • Insects can still bite through thin clothing, so be sure to use insect repellent with 20% - 50% DEET (Diethylmetatoluamide)
  • Spray insecticide to help prevent mosquitoes from entering hotel rooms
  • Spray a mosquito net with insecticide
  • Be aware that garlic and ultrasound does not ward off biting insects
  • Frequent air-conditioned rooms as mosquitoes are not fond of them

There is no vaccine to prevent malaria but one is currently in progress.

Anti-malaria tablets are available. The required tablets vary depending on the country that you are visiting. You should seek advice from your GP and take the malaria tablets before you travel, as well as during your stay and after you have arrived home, in order to cover the incubation period. They should be taken with meals or soon afterwards.

Malaria Symptoms

At an early stage, malaria symptoms can be similar to those of many other infections caused by bacteria, parasites and viruses. Symptoms may include:

  • Fever and headache
  • Sweats and chills
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting and nausea

Malaria Advice

Certain prescription drugs can protect against malaria. These include:

  • Chloroquine is suggested when travelling only to countries where the malaria mosquitoes are not unresponsive to it, such as Mexico, Central America, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. One dose should be taken prior to leaving, one during the stay and once a week for the next month after your return.
  • Mefloquine is used when mosquitoes are resistant to chloroquine. One dose should be taken before leaving, one during the stay and once a week for the next month.

Yellow Fever

Another insect borne disease is yellow fever. It is also transmitted via mosquitoes. Yellow fever is a common disease in Central and South America and Africa. There is no real threat of contracting malaria in Asia, even though the mosquitoes that spread yellow fever are in the region. Travellers should be vaccinated against yellow fever at least 10 days before arriving in an at-risk country. You may require a certificate of immunisation to enter certain places.

The mosquitoes that spread yellow fever are more likely to come out in the daytime. Drugs cannot cure yellow fever. Most sufferers fully recover by themselves and have immunity thereafter. A vaccine is available for yellow fever. One vaccine gives immunity for ten years. If you are travelling to a high-risk area, you will need a yellow fever vaccination certificate. You will also need one to travel to certain parts of Asia.

Insect repellent should be used to protect against yellow fever.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Dougie
    Re: French Speed Limits
    Just got a speeding fine for the A216 for 77kph I was in no hurry and used the speed indicator and cruise control on my BMW X type, Never…
    27 October 2019
  • poshmerkin
    Re: French Speed Limits
    In Grance at rhe moment and there are loads of 70kph speed limits. Quite often they are at awkward junctions on roads with an 80kph limit.
    3 October 2019
  • Tiger888
    Re: French Speed Limits
    I’ve just received a speeding fine issued on Saturday 21st Sept near Calais on the A216 (Rocade d’est) They say I was doing 81kph. So far, so…
    2 October 2019
  • Psych
    Re: Countries With Severe Anti Drug Laws
    I agree. What in the world gives someone else the right to decide what you can put in your own body. Fire and biological…
    23 September 2018
  • The Bilateral Sandwi
    Re: French Speed Limits
    'Course you did, @Stomp! French police have no jurisdiction or other legal means to add points to or cancel a British driving License…
    13 July 2018
  • Scotinfrance
    Re: French Speed Limits
    With respect, you need to distinguish between Britain and England. English drink drive law is 80mg/100ml but in Scotland it is the same as…
    10 February 2018